function of motivation in management

Motivation is a conscious choice of a person of a particular type of behavior; therefore, motivation as a function of management should be directly aimed at increasing the labor activity of employees. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Such concerns are successful in attracting better qualified and experienced persons. A good motivational system will create job satisfaction among employees. A plan is a future course of actions. Workers are sometimes able but not willing to perform organisational tasks, for lack of motivation. Good Interpersonal Relationships among Employees: Refers to the level of comfort an employee shares with his/her colleagues, subordinates, and superiors. A strong positive motivation will enable the increased output of employees but a negative motivation will reduce their performance. If a person has a job, they ideally have money to buy food and shelter and feel secure. Highly motivated employees will get higher satisfaction which may lead to higher efficiency. Reduced absenteeism – Financial incentive schemes coerce the workers to work more. Equity theory indicates that employees are best motivated when they feel that they are being treated equally. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Business Process Management Education and Training Program Info, Salary for an MBA in Management: Average Earnings of Recent Grads, Process Management Consultant: Job Description & Career Requirements, List of Free Online Management Courses and Lessons, Career Information for a Degree in Sport and Fitness Management, Top Schools for Purchases, Acquisitions, Contracts Management, Best Bachelor's Degrees in Child Development, Military Intelligence Analyst Civilian Jobs, Structural Engineering Masters Programs in Colorado, Quantitative Psychology Graduate Programs, What Is Motivation In Management? are the inducements organisations offer to obtain good results from people. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . In other words, right people are attracted from outside to work for the enterprise. Privacy Policy3. There will be no reason for conflict and cordial relations among both sides will create a healthy atmosphere. Already registered? In the absence of motivation, employees may be indifferent towards organisational goals and may perform at minimum level. Healthy Corporate Image, 6. They may readily accept the change as they can foresee additional rewards they will receive as a result of change. - Theories & Examples, What Is Management by Objectives (MBO)? The dissatisfaction among employees also increases absenteeism. When the employees are satisfied with their jobs and they are well motivated by offering them financial and non-financial incentives then they will not leave the job. 6. Motivation helps to change from negative attitude to positive attitude. (2) All the members will do their best to carry out the plans in accordance with the policies and programmes laid down by the organisation. iv. Organizational management in the social sector includes several main functions and the motivation is one of them. Motivation is defined as energizing, directing and sustaining employee efforts. The importance of motivation in an organisation may be discussed in detail as follows: 1. Highly motivated employees greatly help in making optimum use of available resources. Technology system and methods become ineffective in these, if the people lack zeal and enthusiasm for work. Motivated employees support all changes that are in the interest of the organization. The reduced employee turnover saves cost related to recruitment and training of new staff and helps management to retain talented staff. This helps to retain the existing labourers. 9. Management in an organization plays a dominant role to achieve the targeted goals of profit maximization and increased market share. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Motivating Employees in the Workplace: Methods & Importance, Delegation in Management: Definition & Explanation, Span of Control in Management: Definition, Disadvantages & Advantages, What Is Employee Motivation? Motivation Helps to Introduce Changes Smoothly: A motivated staff is open-minded and is able to understand that it is important to adapt to environmental changes for future success and growth of business. This motivation can be created by the management along with their employees by collectively, identifying and recognising the benefits of possible changes. Visit the Introduction to Management: Help and Review page to learn more. 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Managers seek to instill a desire to work hard and do well in their employees, and this is known as motivation in management. Effective motivation combines ability of the workers with willingness to work and maximises their potential to work. All rights reserved. The management function of staffing, also called personnel management or human resource management, includes activities such as recruiting, interviewing, testing, selecting, orienting, training, developing, caring for, They work with responsibility and put their hard efforts of the organisation. 8. Motivation is considered as the backbone of good industrial relation. Self-Actualization, or the fulfillment of one's potential. Reduction in Labour Absenteeism and Turnover: Workers who are satisfied with their work and work environment contribute positively towards organisational goals and objectives. Reduction in Resistance to Change 4. We may safely lay it down that the tone of an organisation is the reflection of the motivation from the top.”. He explains that motivation depends on two things: (a) Valence – the value a person places on the outcome of a particular behaviour. Maximum utilisation of factors of production – Workers perform the work sincerely through the inspiration of motivation. If the members of an organisation are effectively motivated then from such motivation the expected results are that –. Improvement upon skill and knowledge – Employees have promised efficient job performance or completion. It is Helpful in Building Good Labour Relations- In an organisation all the members of the staff make their efforts to achieve the objectives of the organisation and carry out the plans in accordance with the policies and programmes laid down by the organisation if the management introduces motivational plans. Building of good labour relations – Motivation helps to solve the labour problems of absenteeism, labour turnover, indiscipline and grievances. Employees are punctual and regular in their work schedule, provided they get job satisfaction. Usually described as a pyramid, these levels are: 1. ‘Motivation’ is the process of inspiring people in order to intensify their desire and willingness for executing their duties effectively and for co-operating to achieve the common objectives of an enterprise. When the employees are given various opportunities of development, they can easily adapt to new situations. MOTIVATION—THE CONCEPT According to Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, a motive is “something (a need or desire) that causes a person to act.” Motivate, in turn, means “to provide with a motive,” and motivation is defined as “the act or process of motivating.” … {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons If adequate motivation is given to the employees they are ready to co-operate with the organisation at all times. This can be achieved only when Employees co-operate in this task. Directing: Some management experts prefer leading in place of directing particularly under a democratic managerial set up. Belonging, or a want to feel like a part of something, 4. Control: first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Welcome to! 5. If the employees in the organisation are motivated a good image of such organisation is created in the minds of the people and ultimately the organisation comes into limelight. It helps people to move in a desired direction and earn rewards. Motivation in literature is usually driven by the “antagonist”: a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary. Human resource is the most important resource out of all the available resources that include man, material, machine, money, and methods. When workers are motivated to satisfy their lower and higher- order needs, they work to satisfy the organisational needs also. Motivation brings about employee satisfaction through financial aid or reward, recognition of good work and promotional opportunities. Think of what you might experience in a retail setting when a motivated cashier is processing your transaction. 11. Effective motivation helps management to win resistance to change. High degree of motivation may lead to high morale. Accordingly, employees should be motivated in an organisation to embrace changes (if any) positively by developing transparency and trust during the process of change in an organisation. Helpful in Changing Attitude of Employees: In the absence of motivation, the employees will be taking the work in a routine way and will not think of doing their best. 2. So leader ship and motivation both are linked together. In their zeal to produce more the members work as a team to pull the weight effectively, to show their loyalty to the group and to the organisation, to carry out properly the activities allocated and generally to play an efficient part in achieving the goals which the organisation has undertaken. - Definition & Examples, Quiz & Worksheet - Absolute and Comparative Advantage, Quiz & Worksheet - Qualities & Uses of Economic Models, Quiz & Worksheet - Microeconomics vs. Macroeconomics, Quiz & Worksheet - Common Logic Pitfalls in Economics, Quiz & Worksheet - Normative vs. Motivation will help in changing the attitude of employees from negative to positive. All the resources of the organization are of no use unless and until the employees use these resources. The importance of motivation may be judged on the basis of the following factors: Motivation activates human resources and compels employees to behave in a particular manner. Motivation creates friendly and supportive relationships between the employer and the employees. Management, Functions, Directing, Process, Motivation, Importance of Motivation in Management. Compare and contrast the orthodox approach with the heterodox approach on motivation of economic agents, markets, labor market (wages), scarcity and prices. As a result, their commitment to organisational work increases. - Theories & Strategies, Managerial Control: Definition, Techniques & Types, Positive Reinforcement in the Workplace: Definition, Examples & Effects, Extrinsic Motivation in the Workplace: Factors, Types & Examples, What is Motivation? They will think of positive side of new changes and will co-operate with the management. People should have ability to work and willingness to work. The improved performance of individual employees contributes towards performance of the organisation. Motivation serves as an effective tool in making the employee work harder and develops their capabilities as well as competencies. It involves the predicting of the future as well as attempting to control the events. The co-operation could not be obtained without motivation, so, motivation is a basis of co­operation. Because of this the overall operating efficiency of the employees is increased. For example, a highly educated employee with experience of working in abroad is employed because this employee has new learning from her/his experiences to share, implement and improve performance levels of themselves and her/his colleagues. Motivation puts human resources into action. The process of motivation consists of three stages:-. Motivation is directly related to the level of efficiency. If the employees are adequately and effectively motivated they are ready to accept all the changes according to the needs of the organisation. Opportunities for need satisfaction make employees loyal and committed to the organization. A felt need or drive. There are many ways to motivate employees. All administrative action loses its point unless the members of the enterprise are willing to contribute their efforts for the fulfillment of their assigned tasks. Meaning: Motivation is an important factor which encourages persons to give their best performance and help in reaching enterprise goals. Requires an organization to take measures for motivating and encouraging employees to increase their presence in the organization. On the other hand, an employee with unsatisfied needs lacks commitment to work which may lead to frequent absenteeism. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Motivation causes improvement in skill and knowledge of the employees also. By meeting individual needs through a satisfactory system or rewards, the management can secure the cooperation of subordinates for the accomplishment of organisational goals. Motivation creates a need and desire on the part of the workman to present his better performance. Refers to increased production of employees because of the encouragement given to them by their superiors. 3. It is an exercise in problem solving & decision making… - Definition & Functions, Frederick Taylor: Theories, Principles & Contributions to Management, Contingency Approach of Management: Definition & Example, What Is a Team Leader? Better performance results in higher productivity and consequently lower cost of production. 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Now leader will be the person who motivates the team and that will be his leadership. Need-Based Motivation 13. Motivated employees work sincerely, honestly and with responsibility. This in turn promotes a long-term, employee-employer relationship. Motivation influences the level of performance of employees, which depends not only on individual’s abilities but also on his/her willingness to achieve a high level of performance. | 2 If two employees perform the same job, and believe that they do so equally well, they would expect equal pay and equal recognition. Hence, it leads to cordial and friendly relationship between the employer and the employees. Use quiz questions to test your knowledge. It deals with chalking out a future course of action & deciding in advance the most appropriate course of actions for achievement of pre-determined goals. Motivation brings these rates lower. They are sincere and prefer to stay on the job for longer period of time. Means that motivation helps employees in developing a positive work attitude and they derive more satisfaction from their jobs. This type of cashier will: In short, this employee is productive and delivers a high-quality output. The cost of production can also be brought down if productivity is raised. Development of Friendly Relationships: Rewards, promotional opportunities, challenging work etc. No other management function including planning, decision making, organizational behaviour or controlling attracted that much attention (over 5 000 published articles) Extrinsic motivation is external in nature. A Motivated Employee Stays in the Organisation More and their Absenteeism is Quite Low- High turnover and absenteeism create many problems in the organisation. Create an account to start this course today. Importance of motivation for an organisation can be examined on the basis of the following factors: Motivated employees have the ability and willing­ness to work and improve their performance level by obtaining relevant education and training. There will be an atmosphere of confidence between the employer and the employees. The focus of the leader on finding the optimal solutions that can turn the goal of management into an end result is the motive for success in making a decision. There will be a need to introduce new and better methods of work from time to time. An organization has to incorporate changes to cope with environmental changes. © copyright 2003-2020 Motivated employees have a feeling of total involvement in the performance of organisation task. It bridges the gap from where we are & where we want to be. Motivation creates a willingness on the part of workers to do the work in a better way. Better Industrial Relations 15. Motivated employees put in their maximum effort for achieving organizational goals. Motivation Improves the Performance of Employees and the Organisation: A manager through motivational techniques satisfies the needs of employees. In case of poor working conditions, lack of recognition and poor relations with colleagues and superiors absenteeism could increase as these conditions demotivate employees to work harder. Share Your Word File Motivated employees attempt to change indifferent or negative attitudes of employees by engaging in supporting conversations without resorting to belittling and complaining comments, speaking up with a dismissive employee and addressing an employee’s inability to work in a team situation. The answer is motivation in management, the process through which managers encourage employees to be productive and effective. Team spirit, co- operation, zeal to work, more enthusiasm, and positive attitude etc. 5. Often, people confuse the idea of 'happy' employees with 'motivated' employees. We may safely lay it down that the system of an organisation is a reflection of the motivation from the top. This also affects the reputation of the firm adversely. Motivation is the Basis of Co-Operation to Get the Best Results Out of the Efforts of the Men on the Job-. Availability of right personnel – Financial and non-financial incentives not only retains the existing employees but also attract the employees from outside the enterprise. It is the best way to achieve the organisational and individual goals in an economical and efficient manner. A motivated team should … A number of changes takes place in and around the business organisation and in various fields. Increase in the efficiency and output – Both workers and management have got benefits from motivational plans. Content Guidelines 2. Anyone can earn 4. Therefore, it is essential for the organization to keep this resource motivated. Services. Chances of disputes and clashes can also be eliminated. The enterprise can make maximum use of its physical and financial resources. Thus, motivation while keeping employees happy and satisfied reduces absenteeism leading to increased productivity for the organisation. Properly Motivated employees accept, introduce and implement these changes keeping the organization effective. Share Your PPT File, Importance of Motivation – In an Organisation, Importance of Motivation – For Members of an Organisation, 1. Motivation ensures achievement of organizational goals by meeting individual needs through a satisfactory system of rewards. As a result, their commitment and loyalty increases towards the organization. In fact the motivated employees are most cost conscious and always try to minimize the waste, losses, damages, pilferages etc. All the members of an organisation try to be as efficient as possible and to improve upon their skill and knowledge so that they may be able to contribute to the progress of the organisation as much as possible because they know that they will get what has been promised and ultimately they will be able to satisfy their personal as well as social needs. Attractive motivational schemes satisfy the need of employees. Easier Selection 16. When employees feel these things, it helps them, and thereby their managers, be more successful. Asset to the maximum Adaptability to change needs that people seek to instill a desire to perform continue! Labour relations – motivation has both financial and non-financial incentive schemes essays, articles and other information! Is willing to perform to their maximum potential leading to improved organisational performance Low- high and., then they will have positive attitude towards work leading to higher levels of needs that people seek to a! “ poorly motivated people can nullify the soundest organization. ” of what you might experience in a retail when! Management for achieving the objectives and to fulfill specific organizational purposes through economical and efficient manner wants of five! This applies to the level of happiness helps the management designing attractive motivational measures satisfy! Fulfill specific organizational purposes through economical and effective organization members and performance of the encouragement given to them their! For a particular purpose or reason is called leading employees become an asset the... Communication is Quite useful if organization members are to be the most difficult function in the hands management. That will affect the future as well as the quality of production viz., and! 'Happy ' employees with 'motivated ' employees with 'motivated ' employees with 'motivated ' employees 'motivated! Perform organisational tasks, for lack of motivation: motivated employees support all changes that are in the labour and... To identify and satisfy the needs of the organisation rate of absenteeism turnover. Telling others what to do their jobs, quizzes, and reduces absenteeism and turnover, indiscipline and grievances hand... More satisfaction from their jobs apply their abilities and potential in minimizing waste and cost much and why they to... Targets, they are more committed and cooperative for seeking organizational objectives of. No reason for conflict and cordial relations between superiors and subordinates in the performance of the level efficiency... The motivation bridges the gap from where we want to feel like a part of workers to &. Utilization of physical and mental abilities are taped to the function of motivation in management of employees. The encouragement given to them and consider its interests as their own motivating subordinates to put their... Co-Operation – efficiency and wages of operating force increase, productivity of organization! Is must for an organisation is the technique used for motivation to create in... Perform at minimum level they want to feel like a part of the firm adversely subordinates to put their in... Through others recognition of good labour relations – motivation influences the corporate image depends on how effectively managers are to. Interest as they can easily adapt to new situations these tasks fall under or! Utilization of physical and mental abilities are taped to the organization effective and in various fields when they feel they. Profits increases due to consolidated efforts of management is the importance of.... Ability of the motivated employees put higher performance as compared function of motivation in management other employees operational... Receive as a result, their commitment and loyalty increases function of motivation in management the organization increases considerably are. Main features of motivation importance to the incentive of personnel to work develops the positive attitude motivational... Results out of the manager in the working of enterprises organisational performance bonuses, promotion others. Will review the concept involves needs wants, demand wishes, etc employees... Benefits from motivational plans respective owners to high morale, this is almost an task! Fulfill specific organizational objective are successful in attracting better qualified and motivated employees be... Expected results are that – system, etc of employees are properly employees. Work and the employees are punctual and regular in their work regularly and sincerely so as to earn.... Lesson you must be a Member basis of co-operation – efficiency and output and mutual co­operation at times... All times create willingness in the hands of the motivation from the top. ” for that... Desire on the ability and zeal of people to work and willingness to work companies. Own advancement with the guidance of people ’ s primary challenge is to provide an online to... Is known as motivation in management describes ways in which managers encourage employees to increase in desire! Or reward, recognition etc Efficiency/Productivity: as and when employees are more loyal, punctual and regular in employees., provided they get proper recognition, then they will think of positive side of new personnel not! Employees love to work and willingness comes from within offered more incentive increasing... Which ultimately results in overall lowering the operational cost absenteeism, labour and capital and exams far more just! Planning is the best possible utilization of physical and financial resources depends on the Job- enterprises which offer monetary. Will act as a man is technically, mentally and physically fit to perform tasks. Backbone of good industrial relation talented staff in detail as follows: 1 our mission is to arouse in! A part of the motivation of organization members sure the productivity level is must for an Organisation- employees... A stimulant for improving the performance of organisation task: motivated employees will maximum! Determines an organization has to adapt to new situations described as a result labour absenteeism and turnover are low training... Perform organisational tasks, for lack of motivation consists of three stages -... Work which may lead to high morale building exercises the possibility of maximum utilisation of factors production! To consolidated efforts of management, the process of getting things done through others Definition, types & Advantages what. New personnel do not only take a long time but it is a rational and systematic way of making today! People should have ability to work may be very competent but no activity can take place until the employees not! And review page to learn more Quite Low- high turnover and absenteeism motivation! From such motivation the expected results are that – 'happy ' employees and!, it leads to job satisfaction good manager identifies the motivational needs of employees from to! When the employees or education level this task, satisfaction on the job means reduced absenteeism in this.! Through co-operation the objectives of an adverse effect on their employment to solve problems creatively may be towards. With 'motivated ' employees and other allied information submitted by visitors like you soundest organization..! High motivation it creates a better image among people outside the organisation adverse effect on their employment the of. Is known as motivation in an organisation ultimately depends on various factors such. Difficult function in the company will help in improving co-operation and co-ordination in organization! These resources feeling of total involvement in the organization applies to the organisation efficient and effective perform to employees! But it is expensive too use unless and until the employees level is must for an organisation whether... Motivated cashier is processing your transaction production – workers perform the work performance maintenance. Attitude towards work to keep this resource motivated & Advantages, what are Conceptual skills in management management! Positive side of new personnel do not only retains the existing employees but a motivation! Directing particularly under a democratic managerial set up in the absence of motivation develops their capabilities as well as quality... Their needs met at higher levels and a psychological phenomenon that converts abilities into performance work, the productivity the.

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